Tuesday, April 26, 2016

Epigenetic Mechanisms Defined & Illustrated

Image: langology.org
This post is yet another piece of the Epigenetics puzzle for which I am separating from my main post over on "Earth's Internet" so as not to clutter that post with more material than the average modern reader can tolerate. I can start by comparing genetic information and it's communication as similar to that of intelligent human beings, but on a far higher & grander scale. As we know, all languages have rules, regulations and laws which govern them irrespective of the language spoken. And the interesting thing is, of the more than perhaps 7,000+ languages around the globe, they all have the same identical rules, irrespective of the seemingly obvious outward differences. But communicating the idea of DNA being a language  has traditionally been a challenge to most intellectuals claiming to speak for Science. Historically speaking, they've never been good communicators when it comes to informing the common man on matters of great importance. It is hoped here that I can with simplicity teach by means of illustrations taken from life's familiar situations just how epigenetic mechanisms work on the informational content of DNA. As Allan Alda once pointed out Scientists are by nature horrible communicators because of the way they've been trained  Alan Alda Center for Communicating Science 

Nath Institute of Computer SScience N.I.C.E.

There is an interesting comparison to be drawn when looking at all human languages and the genetic language content of DNA. In the early 1960s, in one of the landmark advances in 20th-century science, Noam Chomsky , often referred to as "the father of Linguistics" revealed that all human languages share a deep invariant structure. As he called it, a universal grammar. This on the surface seems odd to most of us since not only are the world's various human languages on the surface so radically different from one another depending on what parental family they come from, but also the writing symbols and characters just seem to scream out unrelated. Not even close. But never the less, what he says is essentially true. 
"Despite the obvious outward difference of "surface" grammars, they all share a deep set of syntactic rules and organizing principles. All have rules limiting sentence length, structure and all exhibit the phenomenon of recursion, which is the embedding of one sentence in another. Chomsky had postulated that this deep "universal grammar" is innate and is embedded somewhere in the neuronal circuitry of the human brain in a language organ. Children learn [human] languages so easily, despite a "poverty of stimulus,"1 because they possess innate knowledge of the deep rules and principles of human language and can select, from all the sentences that come to their minds, only those that conform to a "deep structure" encoded in the brain's circuits."
(Source: Wikipedia - Chomsky - Universal Grammar)
From almost the very beginning of the theory of evolution being created by Darwin, evolutionary biologists have tried to provide  examples of so-called primitive languages ​by asserting that the earliest human language started with simple grunts, tonal sounds, whistles, and barks which would be similar to animal sounds. One recent example I read last year listed the Bushmen language from Southern Africa as a primitive example. But nothing could be further from the truth. Personally I think it's a white intellectual thing, but whatever. Interestingly an article in Science Illustrated of July 1948 stated:
 “Older forms of the languages known today were far more difficult than their modern descendants . . . man appears not to have begun with a simple speech, and gradually made it more complex, but rather to have gotten hold of a tremendously knotty speech somewhere in the unrecorded past, and gradually simplified it to the modern forms.”
As a fun learning tool to illustrate on just how complex many of these non-white European origin early proto-languages which have been asserted to be primitive for the obvious ideological reasons which liken them to caveman holdovers, here is a funny video of five languages thought to be primitive, but in actuality are highly complex with all the universal grammatical rules that go along with all the other languages. 

My main point here is while reading all of this over the past year, it suddenly struck me that the incredible complexity and sophistication inside the vast informational storage compression mechanisms we call DNA are really similar in comparison. It has a universal language rules and regulations for which all the world's biotechnology corporations take advantage of. If the genomes of all organisms were as radically different as asserted based on the shapes, patterns of the creatures and lifeforms we all see on the outside, then it would be almost impossible for them to take one single gene of information one any single lifeform and insert it into the genome of a totally unrelated radically different lifeform. Once again however, many evolutionists have resisted and demanded that we not use such comparisons of human language and communication when referencing biological information. But there is no other way for human beings to make sense of it. 

Before I analyze how the word/term 'epigenetics' is being used by scientists in understanding however, it’s necessary to explain briefly what epigenetics is. To put it simply & succinctly (I know, a difficult and rare thing for me), epigenetics is the study of heritable traits that do not depend upon the primary sequence of DNA. So the information within any organism basically stays the same, but multiple environmental cues can effect the ways in which various parts of that DNA (individual Genes) are expressed in a context with other genes for a specific purposed outcome. Especially is this the case with single expression where certain switches are being either turned on or off. Any specific gene having a gene turned on could lead to a certain regulated specific outcome. But being turned off could have an opposite effect. I'll provide more examples of this in action in the main post over at my other blog called "Earth's Internet." I'll provide some links and videos at the bottom of the post which will further illustrate how epigenetics work. First a word of caution before going further.
“Teleological thinking has been steadfastly resisted by modern biology. And yet in nearly every area of research, biologists are hard pressed to find language that does not impute purposiveness to living forms."
 Timothy Lenoir
Okay, with this statement from Science Historian, Professor Timothy Lenoir, I shall proceed to follow the traditional example of biologists now and use massive amounts of teleology, metaphors and other words which will imply intentionality, functionality, strategy, and design in biology. So I won't apologize for something that just cannot be avoided.
Can we really compare DNA to the Language of Communication used by Humans ? If so, how is it possible for us to use illustrations from everyday familiar situations which could be understood logically speaking ? And what role do environmental cues play in the way genetic information is expressed ?

Illustrative animation from chronotext.org

Before we can understand epigenetics, we need to understand what all those genes within the DNA helical structure really are. That would be a massive library of informational content inside the tiniest known storage compression component mechanism known to mankind. And this informational content is truly composed of not only real language, but a language and communication infrastructure of the highest order. But we need to understand that this language in a sense also has rules of universal grammar, despite the fact that many of the living organisms which are also made up of DNA are run radically different from one another. Hence the extreme differences from one organism to another. But again, the genetic code is pretty much universal. Science has only barely scratched the surface of understanding the complexity of the genome and how the natural world's microbiological infrastructure actually works. To better help them to understand, they have assigned DNA code  four-letter alphabet, and structures very similar to words, sentences and paragraphs. One internet Adwords professional describes DNA by likening it to the English language in the following way,  Nucleotide = Character, Codon = Letter, Gene = Word,  Operon = Sentence, Regulon = Paragraph, etc. We should also note that environmental cues also play a major role in how the various genes within the genomes of all lifeforms have their encoded information expressed under any given change of environmental circumstances. 

Take close special note of the illustrative gif above. I love these illustrative shadowy fingers moving words & Letters around into differently expressed sentences GIF above when I first discovered it on Google+. The creator of this GIF had no intention of the meaning that I will attach to it here. But see if you can possibly see what I saw when I first laid eyes on this Gif. For me the shadowy fingers were representative of the numerous environmental cues found out there in the natural world around us which influence the triggering of either on or off of epigenetic switches. (some examples) In order to fully appreciate how the environment can influence changes, you must first remove the idea of natural selection as some sort of Tinker Bell with a magic wand forming clay like some Potter creating vessels. These environmental cues have no intelligence whatsoever. The finger merely are representative of the triggering effect upon the DNA within any organism. There is no omnipresent animistic god-like intelligence there in the environment, just physical effects which trigger the informational content within all living lifeforms which appear to have a programming sense that was designed to respond within reasonable circumstance any the organism may encounter. It's almost as if the author [who or what anyone wishes to believe] when writing life's programmed software seemed to anticipate each and every single possible future environmental scenario. Of course there this program has limits and always remains ordered.  Otherwise we'd all be living in kooky bizarre Sci-Fi world. For example, a Banana tree will never adapt to the present environmental conditions which exist above the Arctic circle with it's extreme cold. Likewise, a Bristlecone Pine will never adapt to living in the middle of  Sahara Desert under extreme heat. Epigenetic mechanisms are not a magical Genie in a bottle. 

Adaptation has Boundary Limits
This Gif above merely allows us to use our imagination of the unseen example of the written encoded language of DNA being triggered by various external components of the physical world which influence the way an unseen biological computer simulation rearranges what takes place in real time before our very eyes. But the information, letters, words, sentence meaning, paragraphs, etc are all being rearrange to fit into a new set of environmental circumstances in which the gene's present meaning is being triggered to be expressed differently for a purpose. The biological sensors of all organisms detect any external or internal change, send a message or signal to the right sector and the effect is the turning 'On' or 'Off' of various genetic switches which cause specific information to be altered for a specific purpose. Whether that purpose is to withstand drought conditions better, kick up the immune system response a few notches, etc, etc, etc, enough necessary changes to the genetic text are undertaken to accomplish a purposed goal for survival or any other purposed outcome encoded within the original programming. Interestingly, unlike the dogma of  (Random Mutations) a change which is irreversible, and typically harmful, epigenetic change can be reversed to the plant's [or any organism's] original program. So once again, files can be opened or closed, functions turned on or off. Many researchers know that in working with the subject of epigenetics in plants, they have found that they carry a back-up copy, or alternative version, of their DNA. Much the way you could restart or resubmit your backup copy of Microsoft to your computer. These alternative sequences may not have been present in the chromosomes of either parent organism, so this is not a case of recessive genes. These are essentially throwback genes present in ancestral generations, held in trust in case the parents’ genes don’t work out. 

Like the written punctuation characters we call commas, exclamation point, colons, semi-colons, question marks, etc to convey purposeful meaning of real world written  text, so these epigenetic switches act as a sort of biological rule like the punctuation in written human language which help clarify meaningful specific expression of any coded text within the double helix strands of the lifeform's genome to be expressed in a beneficial way for the good of the host. But the reverse could also be true if these switches are influenced by negative factors. But even then it would be possible for epigenetic correction by means of backup files based on the original programming. 

Now pay close attention to yet another incredible illustrative GIF as compare to the Crick/Watson science  (scientific icon)  above. This moving image below is truly  (iconoclastic)  in that it's effect will cause major rethinks of everything many thought they knew about DNA's childlike understanding of the double helix. This makes more sense. Think of this as epigenetic gene expression mechanisms all working in a complex ordered fashion. You must also need to keep in mind that this Gif, while wonderfully illustrative, is extremely slowed way down from the faster than supercomputer speeds at which epigenetics actually operate within any cell in real time. If not slowed down, it would simply be a blur and all understanding to the average human being would be lost and not understood.

Episode 5: Everything you thought you knew about the shape of DNA is wrong
Below is a wonderful video from the link above narrated by Carl Zimmer.
Can we further slow things down and illustrate epigenetics even more ? Sure!
Let's consider an even further slowed down simplified version of illustrative example where following the rules of grammar and translation can be altered radically by the placement of punctuation of any sentence. Word of caution here, I'm going to provide a glaring example of  a commonly mistranslated Greek text from the biblical Scriptures, but this is not a promotion of religion, but rather an exposure of an error which has never been corrected. An error that was the result of ignoring the rules of translation which grossly ignores the surrounding context.  Unfortunately from a translation and gramatical standpoint, most of the well known translations in English get this wrong. Again, this is only for illustrative purposes regarding grammar, punctuation & context which dictates the true meaning.   
Text Image - International Bible Society
Take the example of written Greek text above with ancient Greek writing with all it's grammatical rules. In many ancient Greek manuscripts of the biblical New Testament, all the words ran together without chapter or verse numbers, punctuation, or even spaces between words. Now if we were to translate word for word and follow the same rules as those ancient Greeks in the manuscript into English, very few English speakers would understand an article written in such a way. Below is an example of a simple single sentence of biblical text where almost every single translator has ignored the rules of translation and a speech quality known as  "proper sense stress" where a public speaker emphasizes words or phrases to effect the correct meaning by the author. This is where punctuation placed properly in written text is a wonderful guide. Now all the while, try and compare this simple single sentence of text to a single strand of DNA. Here is that verse by two different translators: (Luke 23:43)
43 And Jesus said unto him, "Verily I say unto thee, Today shalt thou be with me in paradise." (King James Version)
43 And he said to him: “Truly I tell you today, you will be with me in Paradise.” (New World Translation)
Can anyone see the difference in placement of the comma before and after the word "today" in bolded red ? Can anyone see the major difference this has in the meaning of the verses' content of either translation ? The King James Version implies that the criminal would go to heaven that very day when he died which is what the comma placement before the word 'today' is meant to do. The New World Translation provides the actual meaning of the criminal being brought back to life again on the Earth at some future date when God's Kingdom was established at some far off future time. This is also what most of the Jews back then understood anyway about the word paradise which always referred to the Earth and never Heaven.  Hence the comma placement is after the word 'today.' There are only three other English translations which render this verse correctly as the New World Translation does. The Rotherham and Lamsa in English, the version in German by Reinhardt and W. Michaelis, as well as the Curetonian Syriac of the fifth century C.E. All of the other translations [100+ Versions] render it as the King James Version. But Why ??? They ignored the context, and in this case the entire biblical context should dictate how the translators should all render that verse. 

It is helpful for any honest translator to view the context both before and after this sentence which would have provided them  with the most accurate clue as to how the information in that sentence should be expressed. Prior to his execution, Jesus made prophetic reference comparison of his being dead in the grave for 3 days comparing it to Jonah's experience of 3 days in the belly of the whale. After this verse, the context of the account actually says he was indeed dead for 3 days and raised back to life, but didn't immediately go to heaven, as even later on the Apostle Paul referred to this as does the bible book of Acts where he is shown finally going up to heaven after 40 days on Earth. Can this verse or sentence still be rendered in the way that people have long traditionally wished it to read ? Sure, but you need dismantle much of the surrounding biblical account and remove all contrary  unfriendly biblical context, then fabricate a new storyline by inserting it to support the new context to meet your cherished belief on a concept of "Last Rites". Unfortunately you'll be violating another rule found at Revelation 22:18-19 in your cherished holy book.
18 "I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: If anyone adds anything to these words, God will give him the troubles written about in this book. 19 And if anyone takes away from the words of this book of prophecy, God will take away his share of the tree of life and of the holy city, which are written about in this book."
Revelation 22:18-19 - International Children’s Bible (ICB)
Really, you mean even a child get's this ? Everyone should understand that the context means everything. In the natural world the environment (is the context) with it's various pressure cue cards which set off epigenetic sensors which respond with epigenetic signaling which further triggers a specific gene (in a sentence context with other genes) to be uniquely expressed within an organism for a specific purpose or intended goal. In the light of Epigenetics, the modern scientific cult term Natural Selection becomes almost worthless. The natural world can only eliminate life by means of boundaries or limits, not create monumental engineering feats. The term "Natural Selection" was invented as a euphemism to be used by those incapable of explaining an incredible creative phenomena which brings about amazing change out in nature. When the expression or term is used in scientific research papers or science journal articles, the insertion is meant to be used as a bridge over wide canyons of understanding or plugging the gaps or holes in the lack of full explanation. Ask further question for a clearer understanding and you are mocked, called names and are the target of personal insults. Despite all that, isn't epigenetics a much more realistic educational way of how nature creates change in the context of any environment ? Isn't this really something that any normal intelligent person can grasp onto, touch, feel, smell and figuratively taste which provides a more satisfying realistic answer ? To be sure however, science is only scratching the surface of this subject of epigenetics. There are still many unknowns, possibly even unknown unknowns. Questions like, how does all this complexity accomplish accurate signalling to the right target gene ? The questions are endless.

Image by Professor Jurriaan Ton, University of Sheffield
My main interest in writing this post has almost always had to do with my love and experience in working with plant ecosystems, the microbiological infrastructure which provides the foundation for their healthy continued existence and finding ways of practical application in any human endeavour regarding plant community system maintenance. So much of what I illustrate will often be associated with plants and fungi. People should be alerted to some changes coming regarding the world's corporate run Biotechs who are changing their focus on their traditional business as usual. For example, Epigenetically Modified or Engineered Organisms are going to become the new controversy very soon. Think I'm kidding ? It's already started with silencing the gene in white button mushrooms which causes browning. They are advertising it as harmless and they've convinced the FDA to view things through their lense into not regulating this type of GMO because they say they are not inserting a foreign gene from an unrelated organism into another organism by means of a viral vector. They use the mighty CRISPR which they insist is flawless.
NATURE: Gene-edited CRISPR mushroom escapes US regulation
A fungus engineered with the CRISPR–Cas9 technique can be cultivated and sold without further oversight.
They say that it's safe and there will be no problems. Mycologist Paul Stamets doesn't think so. And proves it here.
FUNGI.NET: Thoughts on the Escape of the Gene-edited Crispr Mushroom from US regulation
The majority of those people who think genetic translation is nothing more than chemistry simply have not thought about it clearly enough. The implications frighten them and I guess we all know the why. This was a side post in defining and illustrating what Epigenetics does from a human perspective. My main post possibly in a week will be on my other blog, "Earth's Internet"
"All speech, written or spoken, is a dead language, until it finds a willing and prepared hearer."
Scottish writer, Robert Louis Stevenson (think Ribosomes ?)
Incredible Videos which further illustrate the epigenetic mechanisms within DNA which guide and instruct how the information is to be used

This final video is another fun one. It takes a subject that goes over most people's head and makes it incredibly fascinating by things humans in general are familiar with. For example he provides a paragraph example with several sentences couple with punctuation. I provided up above a single sentence to make it much simpler. But you may wish to view this a few times to pick up more and more details in your understanding of how every living lifeform's genome operates at faster than supercomputer speeds.

And another very informative website which deals with the subject of  (semiotics) , which is also helping many geneticists getting a better grip on understanding the inner workings of the genetic language is an interesting website which adds the term, Bio, in front of  the other word, semiosis, which gives us. I've only found this recently. Very kool site:
 Biosemiosis.org -->>   http://biosemiosis.org 
Further Interesting reading references for those who are hungry for more Learning!
Brave new RNA world 
Tool Module: Chomsky’s Universal Grammar

Cambridge Books Online: Noam Chomsky, The Science of Language

The Gift of Language

The Strategy of Life: Teleology and Mechanics in Nineteenth Century German Biology

Friday, December 7, 2012

Cooked Rhinos, Dinosaurs killed By Volcanic Lahars, What's Going On ?

Genesis 7:11 (New International Version) 
11 "In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, on the seventeenth day of the second month—on that day all the springs of the great deep burst forth, 'AND' the floodgates of the heavens were opened."
Latest News Today December 2012:
Yahoo News: Volcanoes, Not Meteorite, Killed Dinosaurs, Scientist Argues

How fascinating that the latest evidence suggests that volcanism was the most likely cause of a vast extinction of an ancient world. What an incredible admission as more and more evidence suggests that the more popular Meteorite Fable, which was always driven by ideological mandates anyway, has just had the wind taken out of it's sail. This is sad really, because actually both sides of the debate miss out on the very interesting facts of mechanisms used for this extinction of life on Earth. Clearly, a complete global volcanism event would have triggered freakish unnatural storms in the very humid ancient atmosphere. Take a look at what Volcanoes accomplish when they spew their contents into the air, even today.

Volcano Lightning at Chile's 
Puyehue-Cordón Caulle Volcano

More Volcanic Storm Lightning Studied in Iceland

Volcanic Lightning over Puyehue Volcano
500 miles South of Santiago, Chile

More Spectacular Lightning in Iceland

Burn those very kool images into your brain there, Boys & Girls, and imagine a worldwide shake up of complete global tectonic plate portions which would trigger freakish storms Earth wide. Nothing would have had a chance for survival. Clearly in almost every case of fossil finds, many of these have specific chemical properties of Sulfur, Iridium, Volcanic Ash and other anomalies associated with volcanism. This recent study release is not the first time such hypothesis have been proposed. Such reporting has been released in  (2003) , (2005) , (2007) , (2008) , (2010) ,  (2011)  and so there is definitely no shortage of studies and reports all through this past decade. It also does prove that Scientists are not all on the same page with this one. The best the average person can do is take everything with a grain of Salt, so to speak. Listen, despite of what many a average person believes and what many in the Sci-Fi world want you to believe about them, Scientists and other researchers are just as prone to flaws and imperfection shackled to personal bias and prejudice just like any other human being. There are however some very interesting quotes out there over this controversy which lend support for the two major important Biblical statements of Flood mechanisms. Here are some quotes from what I would consider one of the most open minded reports written on the subject of ancient world extinction event which accesses both "Intrinsic" & "Extrinsic" Catastrohpists. This is from the University of Berkeley California. Site:
 U.C. Berkeley: What Killed the Dinosaurs: Extinction Theories
Volcanism: We are quite certain that the end of the Cretaceous period that there was increased volcanic activity. Over a period of several million years, this increased volcanism could have created enough dust and soot to block out sunlight; producing the climatic change. In India during the Late Cretaceous, huge volcanic eruptions were spewing forth floods of lava which can be seen today at the K-T boundary (these ruptures in the Earth's surface are called the Deccan traps). The chemical composition of the lava rocks in India shows that they originated in the Earth's mantle, which is also relatively rich in iridium. This richness would explain the iridium layer. Plate Tectonics: Major changes in the organization of the continental plates (continental drift) were occurring at the K-T boundary. The oceans (especially the Interior Seaway in North America) were experiencing a regression; they were receding from the land. A less mild climate would have been the result, and this would have taken a long time. Large scale tectonic events did occur in the Mesozoic several times, and no extinction events have been conclusively associated with them yet. 

Below is partially quoted a great conclusion and honest take on both theories and I happen to agree ultimately with their conclusions as to actual mechanism. We just don't know the facts and specifics for sure.
"There has been no settlement to the issue so far, and no clear one is foreseeable. Both sides claim to hold the majority of proponents in science; it seems that (greatly over-generalizing) many paleontologists lean towards the intrinsic side, while many astronomers and physicists favor the extrinsic side, and geologists are probably evenly split between the two."
"Ultimately, we just don't know yet for sure. There is much work to be done, and much value to this work — understanding the K-T extinction would help us to understand mass extinctions in general, and might provide a glimpse into the fleeting, evanescent nature of our own mortality."

Here are some very important quotes from University of Princeton Paleontologist Gerta Keller and collaborator Thierrey Adatte from University of Neuchatel Switzerland. The link is here: 
The Deccan Traps, a "volcanic flood," was about one mile deep and covered an area half the size of Australia. According to paleontologist Dewey McLean (personal             communication), a good portion of the Deccan Traps was  submarine. Wouldn’t it make sense that thousands of cubic miles - cubic miles! - of lava pouring into the seas  at 2,150 degrees hot might heat the seas just a tad? (Ocean temperatures at the dinosaur extinction rose by 14E to 22EF.) The increased evaporation would have sent excess moisture rose into the skies, skies which had already cooled because of the ash from the above-water eruptions. This lead to massive increases in snowfall, and to an ice age. That's one of the main points of  "Not by Fire but by Ice."

And yet another interesting example of volcanism and animals being found fossilized in ancient volcanic ash. 

Credit: OU/Jack Matthews

"Fossilized rangeomorphs from the 565-million-year-old layer within the Mistaken Point Ecological Reserve in Newfoundland. The site is located on Newfoundland's Avalon Peninsula in the Mistaken Point Ecological Reserve, home of the Cape Race Lighthouse that received the Titanic's wireless distress signals after it struck an iceberg a century ago."
Live Science: Earliest Baby Animals Preserved in Ancient Volcanic Ash
The bottom line here is that there were two major components of critical importance and presented in order of importance with regard the global extinction report as recorded in the Biblical record. It's doesn't give detailed by detailed mechanical steps. These were not necessary as the reasons for the event were of far more importance.  Each human on Earth has the ability to study and research these for themselves for satisfying answers or not. As a conclusion to the event, here is what the record once again points to as mechanisms in order of first importance. 
Genesis 8:1 (New Living Translation)
2 "The underground waters stopped flowing, and the torrential rains from the sky were stopped."
This description lines up logically and reminds of the once existing water cycling mechanisms which no longer exist today as recorded at Genesis 2: 5-6 & 10-14 which speaks of a minerotrophic hydrological cycle which once existed on the early Earth. What all the details are of this kind of cycling we can only speculate and assume. Ultimately there will always be more to learn as time moves forward. Recently as reported a couple of weeks ago, Rhino fossils were found and evidence that these animals had been cooked alive in a Volcanic Lahar and buried under tons of ash and debris.

  Live Science: Rhino 'Cooked to Death' 9 Million Years Ago, Fossil Reveals

And a few days ago I wrote about the Volcanism which may have been carved the Grand Canyon as evidenced by Colorado Plateau sediments and fossils associated with volcanic ash piled up 100s of miles away in San Diego County. As always, take everything with a grain of Salt here in what I also write. It's all very interesting and no doubt more will be revealed as time pants on to the end and where there is no excuse.

That Giant Grand Hole Cutting Across Northern Arizona is Sparking Debate Again!

But again, who really knows for sure ?

As an interesting side note: Did you know
the Chinese word/character for ship as 
referenced in the image below as eight people
in a boat ?

Further References






Thursday, September 20, 2012

A Present Day Tsunami Illustrates the Extinction of an Ancient World

This photo was taken March 7 2012 by  Daniel BerehulakOver 

70,000 black and red Pines Trees 
were wiped out of existence after a
 large devastating Tsunami hit 
Japan in 2011.

These photos have numerous teaching points as to just what may have hit many of the ancient landscapes which are now extinct. The present lifeless forest conditions of both Poles which no longer possess the abundant biodiverse life there which once existed no doubt lived during a time of different weather and climatic conditions which by contrast were far superior than today's present global climate. On March 10, 2011, the coast of Japan's Iwate Prefecture a massive land area with some 70,000+ black and red pines trees were snapped at the truck base like twigs and the logs, branches and other debris were buried under sediment by a wall of fast moving water which was 40 meters high in some places. The images below are almost identical to the ancient tree stump images found at Axel Heiberg Island where huge Dawn Redwood trees were snapped like trigs where they grew and their logs burried in the Buchanan Lake Basin.

Images - Richard Lloyd Parry Lampu’uk, Aceh
As devastating as everything was there in Japan a few years back, we see what the potential power of Natural forces for a complete dismantling of everything in a geographical scale. It clearly illustrates some of the possibilities of a combination of ancient hydrological volcanism and atmospheric disruption of an unique atmosphere which allowed life to exist at the Poles. Clearly even scientists tell us that humidity levels at the poles were more tropical  than like the dry desert 2% humidity levels that exist today. Ultimately no one truly knows exactly what true conditions were, but clearly nothing in our understanding of climate as we know it today could explain just what the mechanisms were that existed back then. The best that anyone can do is speculate or provide assumptions based on physical phenomena or anomalies we are aware of today on a smaller scale & such do exist.  

Hydrothermal  water cycle combines with the
thick dense humid air of an ancient
 atmosphere which 
would have extended very
  high into upper levels than today.

The idea of giant logs being washed down and buried is nothing new. This is the explanation given in Arizona's Petrified Trees National Monument. These were said to be redwood logs which appear to be quite a foundational type tree of the northern hemisphere of a long past ancient ecosystem. These are the true type of fossils which have tourned to stone. But discoveries have been made of real ancient wood so well preserved, that this wood will still burn. Below are some examples of whole mummified trees being found in and around coal beds in the central eastern European country of Hungary. 

Old Swamp Cypress Forest was found recently near the   village of Bukkabrany in northeastern Hungary.

The truly fascinating thing here is the height in the background clearly illustrates just how deep these trees were buried by massive layers of sediment after the initial blast or hit by a Mega-Tsunami event. Most of the trees were instantly snapped or broken from their giant trunk bases and buried elsewhere while the foundation trunks and root system of the trees remained intact and buried where they grew. This is identical to what took place in Axel Heiberg Island in the Arctic.

Further Scale in size. Notice the depth again. This was not
a gradual fining in of eons of time. Had that been the case these
 trees would have long since rotted and not been so perfectly
 preserved in Lignite rich Soils

This is a beautiful shot of the mining operation for coal. The region of the mummified tree trunks were mostly found in brown coal and a further degraded mineral called lignite. All of this comes from organic matter which DID NOT accumulate over centuries, but the entire ecosystem was completely destroyed when a massive extinction event like a mega-tsunami completely scoured the existing landscape and buried all organic debris into one location and buried the entire organics with tones of sediment only to be discovered many centuries later by modern human beings. At this point it's irrelevant in the discussion to debate the exact details and causes. It nevertheless took place many 1000s of years ago. Still the important thing is here is we can all learn something about the climate and Earthly ground based components and how they may have worked and functioned as a system. Even now, there most surely are practical applications we can build on here and put into practice for today's benefit for the planet.  

Gray sand with fragments of wood, tree
 limbs and scattered charcoal. The transition
 between the grey and yellow sand is seen
 in the left upper corner

Image from Hungry Hungary Hyperbole Blog

Ancient Bald Cypress in Harmann Otto Museum

Nature Reserve Fossils of Ipolytarnóc

Take special note of the tourist viewing the mummified fossil wood of Bald Cypress which is under a glass enclosure. While the fossils were well preserved under the brown coal and Lignite of the Hungarian Coal Mine, that protection against oxygen and micro-organisms which would have broken down the wood are now present, so a enclosur to eliminat than needs to be kept in place. Aside from the fact that humans by nature just have to touch, even when a sign says not to.


"Sometimes referred to as the 'Prehistoric Pompeii', Ipolytarnoc stores 23-17 million year old fossils. These include the teeth of 24 different species of sharks as well as the teeth of crocodiles and dolphins, an almost 100 m tall petrified pine, more than 15,000 subtropical, exotic leaves and 3,000 animal footprints of 11 species. This is one of the world's richest komplex fossil footprint find site. The fossils can be viewed thanks to a volcanic catastrophe which buried a whole subtropical jungle under volcanic ash, thus preserving them."


"The giant petrified tree trunk, 42 m long that bridged a stream of the Borokas ravine was exposed at the beginning of the 19th century. Its discovery initiated the scientific research of the site. The first scientific research activities and excavations began in 1836, led by Ferenc Kubinyi. Later investigations demonstrated that a whole forest was destroyed by the volcanism, the trees were toppled on top of the paleosurface by the nearby volcanic blast. Most of the tree remains are embedded at the sandstone-tuff transition, under the plinian ash fall unit. A detailed analysis of the petrified tree trunks revealed that the 20 Ma old rainforest held at least 7 coniferous, 4 deciduous and 1 palm species."


"The reworked shoreline sandstone layers of the 23 Ma old sea sediments bear a very rich marine fauna. The so called “shark toothbearing beds” contain- besides shark teeth - a mixture of bones from rays, dolphins, manatees and crocodilians. After the 1903 description of Koch, the “Ipolytarnóc shark tooth-bearing bed” became the characteristic marker bed of the Eggenburgian stage of the Lower Miocene in the Central Paratethys. The original fauna as described more than 100 years ago was revised recently based on new finds. The result shows a very diverse Lower Miocene shark community that includes 19 genera with 16 certain species."


"Abundant and well-preserved fossil vertebrate tracks are exposed on the topmost bedding planes of the Miocene river bank sandstone. The preservation of the tracks has been attributed to volcanic activity that instantly covered the paleosurface."



The above quotes are taken from the Museum's literature as to the cause of the extinction which THEY say was violent, sudden and instantaneous. Every living thing was totally caught off guard. This agrees with many of the explanations of well preserved fossils around the globe. The cause of course is catastrophic volcanism  which no doubt was associated by Mega-Tsunami components or mechanisms. I'm always amazed by the abundant bio-diverse finds of countless species found to be associated with each other which do not necessarily appear together today. Clearly Tropical and Temperate or Boreal forest plants growing together in the same ecosystem. Same with the types or differing kinds of animals, birds and fish. And once again, they even admit that the fact that countless animal tracks are so well preserved on these ancient river banks, it could only have been covered instantly by a massive volcanic anomaly. The interesting thing about the Shark Teeth and other Aquatic creatures further proves a hydrological Mega-Tsunami Event.
Some Interesting References:
Ipolytarnóc Fossil Beds & Museum
The Miocene Bükkábrány Fossil Forest in Hungary – field observations and project outline
Ancient forest found in Hungary

Wednesday, May 2, 2012

Asteroid Extinction Event Receives Another Blow

Credit: Photograph courtesy of Caudio Latorre

High levels of iridium found in black mats seen at Rio Salado in Chile's Atacama Desert suggested a cosmic origin. But new tests by Jeff Pigati (shown here above) and colleagues show these iridium mats occurred at various times and are instead likely the result of inherent processes that occurred in desert wetlands.

 Mysterious Black Mats on Earth Not From Outer Space

Remember the Iridium Anomalies which were said to be the defining proof of cosmic (asteroid, Meteor, Comet - whatever) origins for the massive Hollywood-styled exciting extinction event ? Apparently some are rethinking some things about the origin and sources of iridium. But this is new and you can count on old school convention ideological thinking holding out on this while demonizing the scientists who have the gonads to think outside of the official mandated biased explanations box.  

Accumulation of impact markers in desert wetlands and implications for the Younger Dryas impact hypothesis

 The info actually goes along with some other interesting articles dealing with other unexplained volcanism which exhibited some of the strange similar phenomena.

Ancient Massive Volcanic Eruption Still Mystifies
Article Quote:
'Their findings suggest there is no support for a meteor impact as the cause of the Greater Ontong Java Event.'
"The results so far indicate that this event was brought about by internal processes inside the Earth," researcher Marissa Tejada at the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology told LiveScience. Earth has seen many eruptions that are apparently caused solely by internal activity.'
 Other Titles created for imagined past events: 'Anoxic event'
Dinosaur Killer May Have Been Volcanism: Not Asteroid
"There is essentially no extinction associated with the impact," Keller said. 

"Deccan volcanism is the likely culprit behind the K-T mass extinction," Keller added, saying that she thinks the biological effects of that volcanism have been underestimated, while those of the crater impact have been overestimated. 

Like most of these, it is explained that these catastrophic events happened primarily in deep oceans of the world, were volcanics in nature and caused an uphieval of deep waters low in dissolved oxygen which caused extinction deaths of many sea life. Interesting!  The term 'Anoxia' means a total decrease in the level of oxygen, an extreme form of hypoxia or "low oxygen".

 Now lets go further to Earth's Internal Processes

Earth's Surface 'Recycled' Surprisingly Quicker than Thought

Credit: Sobolev, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry
"These are olivine crystals from Mauna Loa volcano, Hawaii, with a width of less than 1 mm. The brown ovals are solidified, glassy inclusions trapped as droplets of melt by the growing olivine crystal. They contain strontium isotope ratios which are inherited from 500-million-year-old seawater."
Double Trouble What Really Killed the Dinosaurs ?

Credit: Nicolle Rager, National Science Foundation

Temperatures in 
Antarctica were much
 warmer 70 million years ago

Live Science: Volcanoes, Not Meteorite, Killed Dinosaurs, Scientist Argues

Credit: Gerta Keller, NSF
"New research argues that volcanic activity from the Deccan Traps in India, not a meteorite impact, killed the dinosaurs."
I'll add more as time moves forwards, but these are some more of the latest interesting discoveries.